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Pre- and post-fire pollutant loads in an urban fringe watershed in Southern California

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dc.creator M. P. Burke spa
dc.creator T. S. Hogue spa
dc.creator A. M. Kinoshita spa
dc.creator J. Barco spa
dc.creator C. Wessel spa
dc.creator E. D. Stein spa 2013 spa 2017-06-15T22:05:24Z 2017-06-15T22:05:24Z
dc.identifier.citation Burke, M.P., Hogue, T.S., Kinoshita, A.M. et al. Environ Monit Assess (2013).Pre- and post-fire pollutant loads in an urban fringe watershed in Southern California. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, (12), 10131-10145 spa
dc.identifier.issn 01676369 spa
dc.description Post-fire runoff has the potential to be a large source of contaminants to downstream areas. However, the magnitude of this effect in urban fringe watersheds adjacent to large sources of airborne contaminants is not well documented. The current study investigates the impacts of wildfire on stormwater contaminant loading from the upper Arroyo Seco watershed, burned in 2009. This watershed is adjacent to the Greater Los Angeles, CA, USA area and has not burned in over 60 years. Consequently, it acts as a sink for regional urban pollutants and presents an opportunity to study the impacts of wildfire. Pre- and post-fire storm samples were collected and analyzed for basic cations, trace metals, and total suspended solids. The loss of vegetation and changes in soil properties from the fire greatly increased the magnitude of storm runoff, resulting in sediment-laden floods carrying high concentrations of particulate-bound constituents. Post-fire concentrations and loads were up to three orders of magnitude greater than pre-fire values for many trace metals, including lead and cadmium. A shift was also observed in the timing of chemical delivery, where maximum suspended sediment, trace metal, and cation concentrations coincided with, rather than preceded, peak discharge in the post-fire runoff, amplifying the fire’s impacts on mass loading. The results emphasize the importance of sediment delivery as a primary mechanism for post-fire contaminant transport and suggest that traditional management practices that focus on treating only the early portion of storm runoff may be less effective following wildfire. We also advocate that watersheds impacted by regional urban pollutants have the potential to pose significant risk for downstream communities and ecosystems after fire. spa
dc.language.iso eng spa
dc.publisher Springer International Publishing spa
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, December 2013, Volume 185, Issue 12, pp 10131–10145 spa
dc.relation.isversionof spa
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess spa
dc.source Environmental Monitoring and Assessment spa
dc.subject Wildfire spa
dc.subject Urban fringe spa
dc.subject Stormwater spa
dc.subject Los Angeles spa
dc.subject Metals spa
dc.title Pre- and post-fire pollutant loads in an urban fringe watershed in Southern California spa
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article spa
dc.type Article spa
dc.rights.accessRights restrictedAccess spa
dc.publisher.program Ingeniería Civil spa
dc.identifier.doi DOI: 10.1007/s10661-013-3318-9 spa
dc.publisher.faculty Facultad de ingenierías spa
dc.identifier.e-issn 15732959 spa
dc.affiliation M. P. Burke; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCLA Los Angeles USA; RESPEC Consulting and Services Rapid City USA spa
dc.affiliation T. S. Hogue; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCLA Los Angeles USA; Civil and Environmental Engineering Colorado School of Mines Golden USA spa
dc.affiliation A. M. Kinoshita; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCLA Los Angeles USA; Civil and Environmental Engineering Colorado School of Mines Golden USA spa
dc.affiliation J. Barco; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCLA Los Angeles USA; Universidad de Medellín; spa
dc.affiliation C. Wessel; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UCLA Los Angeles USA; Geosyntec Consultants Los Angeles USA spa
dc.affiliation E. D. Stein; Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Costa Mesa USA spa
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