Olefin polymerization on Cr(III)/SiO2: Mechanistic insights from the differences in reactivity between ethene and propene
ETH Zürich, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1-5, Zürich, Switzerland
Facultad de Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad de Medellín, Carrera 87 N° 30-65, Medellín, Colombia
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Silica-supported well-defined Cr(III) sites, which polymerize ethene, are barely reactive towards propene while they copolymerize propene and ethene, a reactivity pattern similar to what is observed for the Phillips catalyst. In contrast to ethene, propene is only polymerized in low amounts and by a small fraction of sites, while during propene/ethene copolymerization small amounts of olefinic oligomers are formed. This difference of reactivity pattern among various olefins is further examined by DFT calculations using periodic amorphous models, focusing on the initiation of polymerization by olefin insertion into the Cr–O bond vs. the heterolytic C–H activation of the alkene. For both mechanisms, we found that the initial activation displays similar energetics for propene and ethene, while the subsequent propene insertion associated with chain growth becomes rather demanding, which rationalizes the observed difference of reactivity between ethene and propene. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
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