Design and Construction of a Muon Detector Prototype for Study the Galeras Volcano Internal Structure
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Muon tomography is a technique based on the observation of the absorption of muons in matter, as the ordinary radiography does using X-rays. The interaction of cosmic rays with the atmosphere produce Extensive Air Showers, which provide an abundant source of muons. These particles can be used for multiple applications on muon tomography, in particular, to study the internal structure of different volcanoes edifices. It is necessary in any muon tomography experiment a particle detector that has the capability to be sensitive to muon interactions. Here we report a brief description of the first steps towards a complete design of a prototype particle detector to perform muon tomography in harsh conditions encountered in the surroundings of the Galeras Volcano. The mechanical design and fabrication processes of the supporting structure of the muon detector prototype, and first steps towards a future detector simulations on GEANT4 are described in this work. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
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