Show simple item record

dc.creatorSepúlveda Murillo F.H.
dc.creatorChica Olmo J.
dc.creatorSoto Builes N.M.
dc.descriptionAccording to the Gini indicator, Medellín the capital of the Department of Antioquia, Colombia has been considered the most unequal city in Colombia for several consecutive years with regard to inequity in its residents quality of life (QoL) level. Therefore, this research mainly aimed to explore the spatial variations in the QoL of households and the determinants that explain it, using some geographically weighted techniques. This analysis becomes substantial when it is intended to contribute to government policies and programs that seek the well-being of individuals. For this purpose, an indicator that integrated both objective and subjective variables to measure the QoL of households in Medellín was constructed. The local and global spatial autocorrelation indexes were used to visualize and analyze the geographic structure of the quality of life indicator. The global or conventional principal components analysis and the geographically weighted principal components analysis were used to identify spatial trends and explore the spatial variations of the determinants that explain the QoL, respectively. The results confirm that the QoL and the factors explaining it are highly spatially heterogeneous in Medellín, being extremely supportive of appropriate authorities for spatial planning and developing strategies that help to improve the living conditions of homes in the city. © 2019, Springer Nature B.V.
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlands
dc.sourceSocial Indicators Research
dc.subjectGeographically weighted principal components analysis
dc.subjectPrincipal components analysis
dc.subjectQuality of life
dc.subjectSpatial autocorrelation
dc.subjectSpatial non-stationarity
dc.titleSpatial Variability Analysis of Quality of Life and Its Determinants: A Case Study of Medellín, Colombia
dc.publisher.programFacultad de Ciencias Básicas
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Básicas;Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas
dc.affiliationSepúlveda Murillo, F.H., Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Medellin, Medellín, 050026, Colombia; Chica Olmo, J., Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Granada, Spain, Campus de Cartuja s/n, Granada, 18071, Spain; Soto Builes, N.M., Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Medellin, Medellín, 050026, Colombia
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2011) Indicador de Calidad de Vida. Medellín 2004 2010, , Departamento Administrativo de Planeacióla Alcaldía de Medellín, Medellín
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2012) Informe De Calidad De Vida De Medellín: Medellín Como Vamos, ,, Septiembre 2017. Recuperado de
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2013) Informe De Calidad De Vida De Medellín: Medellín Como Vamos, ,, Septiembre 2017. Recuperado de
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2013) Encuesta De percepción Ciudadana De Medellín, ,, Septiembre 2017. Recuperado de
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAli, K., Partridge, M.D., Olfert, M.R., Can geographically weighted regressions improve regional analysis and policy making? (2007) International Regional Science Review, 30 (3), pp. 300-329
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAmara, M., Ayadi, M., The local geographies of welfare in Tunisia: Does neighbourhood matter? (2013) International Journal of Social Welfare, 22 (1), pp. 90-103
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAnselin, L., The Moran Scatterplot as an ESDA tool to assess local instability in spatial association (1993) Paper Presented at the GISDATA Specialist Meeting on GIS and Spatial Analysis, , Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December 1 5 (West Virginia University, Regional Research Institute, Research Paper 9330)
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAnselin, L., Local indicators of spatial association LISA (1995) Geographical analysis, 27 (2), pp. 93-115
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAslam, A., Corrado, L., The geography of well-being (2012) Journal of Economic Geography, 12 (3), pp. 627-649
dc.source.bibliographicCitationAznar, A., Mur, J., Trívez, F., (1996) Métodos econométricos En El análisis Regional, pp. 237-264. , Actas de la XXII Reunión de Estudios Regionales, de la Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional. Pamplona/Iruña, de noviembre de 20 22, 1996
dc.source.bibliographicCitationBenson, T., Chamberlin, J., Rhinehart, I., An investigation of the spatial determinants of the local prevalence of poverty in rural Malawi (2005) Food Policy, 30 (5), pp. 532-550
dc.source.bibliographicCitationCampanera, J., Higgins, P., The quality of life in English local authority areas (2011) Local Government Studies, 37 (2), pp. 145-169
dc.source.bibliographicCitationCarrasco, A., Martínez, L., Moreno, A., Revisión crítica de la medición del bienestar desde una perspectiva interdisciplinar: hacia una propuesta de indicadores subjetivos y espaciales (2013) Prisma Social, 11, pp. 91-122
dc.source.bibliographicCitationCharlton, M., Brunsdon, C., Demsar, U., Harris, P., Fotheringham, S., Principal components analysis: From global to local (2010) 13Th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science, , Guimaraes, Portugal
dc.source.bibliographicCitationChatfield, C., Collins, A.J., (1980) Introduction to multivariate analysis, , Chapman and Hall, London
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2013) Encuesta Nacional De Calidad De Vida, ,, Septiembre 2017. Recuperado de
dc.source.bibliographicCitationDiener, E., Suh, E., Measuring quality of life: Economic, social, and subjective indicators (1997) Social Indicators Research, 40 (1), pp. 189-216
dc.source.bibliographicCitationEcheverri, A., Orsini, F.M., Informalidad y urbanismo social en Medellín (2011) Sostenible?, 12, pp. 11-24
dc.source.bibliographicCitationEcheverri Restrepo, D., Pareja López, A., Meneses Ramírez, E.A., (2016) Toxicidad in Vitro Del Material Particulado (MP) Del área Urbana De Medellín
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2011) Territorial Agenda of the European Union 2020. Towards an Inclusive, Smart and Sustainable Europe of Diverse Regions, , Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2013) Quality of life in cities, , Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFernández, L.C.M., Mínguez, A.M., de la Torre, I.M., La calidad de vida en el territorio local: propuesta metodológica y práctica de campo (2016) Revista Prisma Social, 17, pp. 319-342
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFotheringham, A.S., Brunsdon, C., Charlton, M., (2002) Geographically weighted regression: the analysis of spatially varying relationships, , Wiley, Hoboken, NJ
dc.source.bibliographicCitationFukuyama, F., Colby, S., Half a Miracle: Medellín s rebirth is nothing short of astonishing. But have the drug lords really been vanquished? (2011) Foreign Policy, 186 (6), pp. 1-17
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGifi, A., (1990) Nonlinear multivariate analysis, , Wiley, Chichester
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGollini, I., Lu, B., Charlton, M., Brunsdon, C., Harris, P., GWmodel: An R package for exploring spatial heterogeneity using geographically weighted models (2015) Journal of Statistical Software, 63 (17), pp. 1-50
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGómez Mendoza, J., Fernández Muñoz, S., Mata Olmo, R., El paisaje, calidad de vida y territorio (2001) Análisis Local, 37, pp. 27-40
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGonzález, E., Cárcaba, A., Ventura, J., The importance of the geographic level of analysis in the assessment of the quality of life: The case of Spain (2011) Social Indicators Research, 102 (2), pp. 209-228
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGoodchild, M.F., Geographic information science: The grand challenges (2008) The handbook of geographic information science, pp. 596-608. , Wilson J, Fotheringham A, (eds), Blackwell, Malden, MA
dc.source.bibliographicCitationGoodchild, M.F., Janelle, D.G., Toward critical spatial thinking in the social sciences and humanities (2010) GeoJournal, 75 (1), pp. 3-13
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHarris, P., Brunsdon, C., Exploring spatial variation and spatial relationships in a freshwater acidification critical load data set for Great Britain using geographically weighted summary statistics (2010) Computers & Geosciences, 36 (1), pp. 54-70
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHarris, P., Brunsdon, C., Charlton, M., Geographically weighted principal components analysis (2011) International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 25 (10), pp. 1717-1736
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHarris, P., Clarke, A., Juggins, S., Brunsdon, C., Charlton, M., Enhancements to a geographically weighted principal component analysis in the context of an application to an environmental data set (2015) Geographical Analysis, 47 (2), pp. 146-172
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHenninger, N., (1998) Mapping and geographic analysis of human welfare and poverty: Review and assessment, , World Resources Institute, Washington, DC
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHillier, A., Why social work needs mapping (2007) Journal of Social Work Education, 43 (2), pp. 205-222
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHotelling, H., Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components (1933) Journal of Educational Psychology, 24 (6), pp. 417-441
dc.source.bibliographicCitationHotelling, H., Analysis of a complex of statistical variables into principal components (1933) Journal of Educational Psychology, 24 (7), pp. 498-520
dc.source.bibliographicCitationJaimes, E., Orellana, R., Reiban, M., González, J.C., Analysis of the life quality in the déleg canton, Province of Cañar-Ecuador (2016) Revista Venezolana de Gerencia, 21 (75), pp. 460-488
dc.source.bibliographicCitationJohnson, R.A., Wichern, D.W., (2014) Applied multivariate statistical analysis, 4. , Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ
dc.source.bibliographicCitationKumar, S., Lal, R., Lloyd, C.D., Assessing spatial variability in soil characteristics with geographically weighted principal components analysis (2012) Computational Geosciences, 16 (3), pp. 827-835
dc.source.bibliographicCitationLloyd, C.D., Analysing population characteristics using geographically weighted principal components analysis: A case study of Northern Ireland in 2001 (2010) Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 34 (5), pp. 389-399
dc.source.bibliographicCitationLu, B., Harris, P., Charlton, M., Brunsdon, C., The GWmodel R package: Further topics for exploring spatial heterogeneity using geographically weighted models (2014) Geo-Spatial Information Science, 17 (2), pp. 85-101
dc.source.bibliographicCitationLucero, P., Mikkelsen, C., Sabuda, F., Ares, S., Aveni, S.M., Ondartz, A.E., Calidad de vida y espacio: una mirada geográfica desde el territorio local (2007) Hologramática, 7 (4), pp. 99-125
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMatthews, S.A., The salience of neighbourhoods: Lessons from early sociology? (2008) American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 34 (3), pp. 257-259
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMendieta, E., Medellín and Bogotá: The global cities of the other globalization (2011) City, 15 (2), pp. 167-180
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMennis, J., The Cartographic (2006) Journal, 43 (2), pp. 171-179
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMohan, J., Twigg, L., Sense of place, quality of life and local socioeconomic context: Evidence from the survey of English housing, 2002/03 (2007) Urban studies, 44 (10), pp. 2029-2045
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMoran, P.A., The interpretation of statistical maps (1948) Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Methodological), 10 (2), pp. 243-251
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMoreno Mínguez, A., (2013) Family well-being. European Perspectives, , (ed), Springer, Amsterdam
dc.source.bibliographicCitationMoreno, R., Vayá, E., Técnicas econométricas para el tratamiento de datos espaciales: La econometría espacial (2000) Edicions Universitat De Barcelona, coleccióUB, 44. , Manuals
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNussbaum, M., (2000) Women and human development: The capabilities approach, , Cambridge University Press, New York
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNussbaum, M., (2004) Hiding from humanity, , Princeton University Press, Princeton
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNussbaum, M., (2006) Frontiers of justice, , Belknap Press, Cambridge
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNussbaum, M., (2012) Crear capacidades: propuesta para el desarrollo humano, , Barcelona Paidós, Barcelona
dc.source.bibliographicCitationNussbaum, M., Sen, A., (1993) Quality of life, , (eds), Oxford University Press, New York
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2007) Global Report on Human Settlement, , State of the World Cities 2006 2007. Earthscan, ReinoUnido
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2009) Global Report on Human Settlement. State of the World Cities 2008 2009, , Earthscan, ReinoUnido
dc.source.bibliographicCitationPearson, K., On lines and planes of closest fit to systems of points in space (1901) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 2 (11), pp. 559-572
dc.source.bibliographicCitationPosada, E., Gómez, M., Almanza, J., Análisis comparativo y modelación de las situaciones de calidad del aire en una muestra de ciudades del mundo. Comparación con el caso de Medellín (2017) Revista Politécnica, 13 (25), pp. 9-29
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2016) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, ,, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna
dc.source.bibliographicCitation(2017) Asamblea General (10 Diciembre De 1948). Declaración Universal De Derechos Humanos, 217 (3). ,, Resolución, Septiembre, Recuperado de
dc.source.bibliographicCitationRodríguez-Pose, A., Tselios, V., Toward inclusive growth: Is there regional convergence in social welfare? (2015) International Regional Science Review, 38 (1), pp. 30-60
dc.source.bibliographicCitationRojas, E., Construir ciudades. Mejoramiento de barrios y calidad de vida urbana (2009) Estados Unidos: Banco Interamericano De Desarrollo (BID)
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSchneider, M.C., Castillo Salgado, C., Bacallao, J., Loyola, E., Mujica, O., Vidamise, M., Métodos de medición de desigualdades en salud (2002) Revista Panamericana de la salud, 12 (6), pp. 1-29
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A.K., (1980) Equality of what? Tanner lectures on human values, , University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A., (1985) Commodities and capabilities, , Oxford University Press, Oxford
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A., (1992) Inequality reexamined, , Clarendon, Oxford
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A., Capability and well-being (1993) The quality of life, pp. 44-55. , Nussbaum MC, Sen A, (eds), Oxford University Press, Oxford
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A., (2000) Development as freedom, , Anchor, New York
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A., (2002) Rationality and freedom, , Belknap Press, Cambrigde, MA
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSen, A.K., Capabilities, lists, and public reason: Continuing the conversation (2004) Feminist Economics, 10 (3), pp. 77-80
dc.source.bibliographicCitationShah, N., Marks, N., (2004) Well-being manifesto for a flourishing society, , Nef, London
dc.source.bibliographicCitationSilva, G., Romero, M., Sustentabilidade urbana aplicada: Análise dos processos de dispersão, densidade e uso e ocupação do solo para a cidade de Cuiabá, Estado de Mato Grosso (2015) Brasil. EURE, 41 (122), pp. 209-237
dc.source.bibliographicCitationTapia López, J.E., (2007) El Escalamiento óptimo Con Base En El análisis De Componentes Principales No Lineales Para La construcción De índices De Condiciones De Vida Y socioeconómicos, , Aplicación en el ámbito nacional. Bachelor s thesis. Quito/EPN
dc.source.bibliographicCitationTonon, G., La entrevista semi-estructurada como técnica de investigación (2009) Reflexiones Latinoamericanas Sobre investigación Cualitativa, pp. 46-68. , En G. Tonon (comp.), San Justo: Prometeo-UNLAM
dc.source.bibliographicCitationTonon, G., (2016) Indicators of quality of life in Latin America Social Indicators Research, 62. , Springer, Berlin
dc.source.bibliographicCitationTonon, G., Aragón, S., (2012) Jóvenes Ciudadanos: Experiencias De participación En América Latina, , Tonon, G., & Aragón, S. (compiladores-editores) (2012), Llavallol, UNI-COM, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora
dc.source.bibliographicCitationVaughan, R., Walker, M., Capability, values and educational policy (2012) Journal of Human Development and Capabilities: A Multi-Disciplinary Journal for People-Centered Development, 13 (3), pp. 495-512. , (Special Issue: Education and Capabilities
dc.source.bibliographicCitationYoung, F.W., Quantitative analysis of qualitative data (1981) Psychometrika, 46, pp. 357-388
dc.source.bibliographicCitationZarzosa Espina, P., (2005) La Calidad De Vidaenlosmunicipios De La Provinciade Valladolid, , Zarzosa Espina, P. (dir.) (2005), Valladolid, Diputación Provincial de Valladolid

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record