Show simple item record

dc.creatorBalaguera A.
dc.creatorCarvajal G.I.
dc.creatorArias Y.P.
dc.creatorAlbertí J.
dc.creatorFullana-i-Palmer P.
dc.descriptionThe use of industrial solid wastes with a high content of SiO2 and Al2O3, called “precursors” is often studied in the construction industry when combined with NaOH as “activator”. The precursor and activator system is generally proposed as a binder material with similar characteristics to Portland cement. In this work, we technically and environmentally evaluated such a system elaborated with an industrial waste: coal ash with caustic soda in solid state. This product, mixed with the soil, acts as a stabilizer to increase the capacity of load support, allowing the improvement of the conditions of performance in low volume traffic roads. An experimental design applied to the stabilizing product showed the incidence of different factors on the load carrying capacity response: packaging material, type of seal, baling moisture and storage humidity. The application of the stabilizer product was found to increase the resistance of the ground over a 500%. Finally, the environmental aspects were evaluated through a simplified Life Cycle Assessment methodology (LCA), the scope of the study was restricted to cradle to gate, collecting data up to the packaged stabilizing product. The results showed that the highest impacts were caused, for most impact categories, by NaOH production, and transport was relevant as well. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.
dc.sourceScience of the Total Environment
dc.titleTechnical feasibility and life cycle assessment of an industrial waste as stabilizing product for unpaved roads, and influence of packaging
dc.publisher.programIngeniería Civilspa
dc.publisher.programIngeniería Ambientalspa
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ingenieríasspa
dc.affiliationBalaguera, A., Facultad de Ingenierías, Universidad de Medellín, Carrera 87 N° 30 – 65, Medellín, Colombia, Escuela de Construcción, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Carrera 65 N° 59 A – 110, Medellín, Colombia
dc.affiliationCarvajal, G.I., Facultad de Ingenierías, Universidad de Medellín, Carrera 87 N° 30 – 65, Medellín, Colombia
dc.affiliationArias, Y.P., Escuela de Construcción, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Carrera 65 N° 59 A – 110, Medellín, Colombia
dc.affiliationAlbertí, J., UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change ESCI-UPF, Passeig Pujades 1, Barcelona, 08003, Spain
dc.affiliationFullana-i-Palmer, P., UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change ESCI-UPF, Passeig Pujades 1, Barcelona, 08003, Spain
dc.relation.referencesAdibee, N., Osanloo, M., Rahmanpour, M., Adverse effects of coal mine waste dumps on the environment and their management (2013) Environ. Earth Sci., 70, pp. 1581-1592. , (Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/abalaguera/Desktop/869a932335575f52cf5d9d3d8f82838e.pdf)
dc.relation.referencesAgency Netherlands Environmental Assesment, Trends in global CO2 emissions. 2016 report (2016),, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesAkhmat, G., Zaman, K., Shukui, T., Sajjad, F., Does energy consumption contribute to climate change? Evidence from major regions of the world (2014) Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 36, pp. 123-134
dc.relation.referencesAlbertí, J., Balaguera, A., Brodhag, C., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Towards life cycle sustainability assessment of cities. A review of background knowledge (2017) Sci. Total Environ., 609, pp. 1049-1063
dc.relation.referencesAlbertí, J., Brodhag, C., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., First steps in life cycle assessments of cities with a sustainability perspective: a proposal for goal, function, functional unit, and reference flow (2019) Sci. Total Environ., 646, pp. 1516-1527
dc.relation.referencesAlbrecht, S., Brandstetter, P., Beck, T., Fullana-I-Palmer, P., Grönman, K., Baitz, M., Fischer, M., An extended life cycle analysis of packaging systems for fruit and vegetable transport in Europe (2013) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 18, pp. 1549-1567
dc.relation.referencesAllwood, J.M., Cullen, J.M., Milford, R.L., Options for achieving a 50% cut in industrial carbon emissions by 2050 (2010) Environ. Sci. Technol., 44 (6), pp. 1888-1894
dc.relation.referencesArias Jaramillo, Y.P., Londoño, D., Tobon, J., Correlación entre DRX de polvo usando el método Rietveld y técnica disolución selectiva en la determinación de las fases cristalina y amorfa en cenizas de carbón para uso en cementos alternativos. In IX Reunión Anual de la AACr y I ReuniónLatinoamericana de Cristalografía. Córdoba (Argentina) (2013)
dc.relation.referencesASTM International, Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (2012),, ASTM International West Conshohocken Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesASTM, Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Hydraulic-Cement Mortars (2014)
dc.relation.referencesBaitz, M., Albrecht, S., Brauner, E., Broadbent, C., Castellan, G., Conrath, P., Tikana, L., LCA's theory and practice: like ebony and ivory living in perfect harmony? (2013) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 18 (1), pp. 5-13
dc.relation.referencesBala, A., Raugei, M., Benveniste, G., Gazulla, C., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Simplified tools for global warming potential evaluation: when ‘good enough’ is best (2010) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 15 (5), pp. 489-498
dc.relation.referencesBalaguera, A., Carvajal, G.I., Análisis de ciclo de vida aplicado a la construcción de vías (2017) Vías de bajo volumen de tránsito, pp. 115-128. , 1st ed. Sello editorial Universidad de Medellín Medellín
dc.relation.referencesBalaguera, A., Gómez, D., Carvajal, G.I., Arias Jaramillo, Y.P., Technical and environmental assessment of an alternative binder for low traffic roads with LCA methodology (2017) Proceedings of the 3rd Pan American Materials Congress, , Springer International Publishing San Diego
dc.relation.referencesBalaguera, A., Carvajal, G.I., Albertí, J., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Life cycle assessment of road construction alternative materials: a literature review (2018) Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 132 (January), pp. 37-48
dc.relation.referencesBanerjee, D., Acid drainage potential from coal mine wastes: environmental assessment through static and kinetic tests (2014) Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, pp. 1365-1378. , (Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/abalaguera/Desktop/44da86af13ff2f76ca0c831a566bfed8.pdf)
dc.relation.referencesBarthel, F., James, H., Khan, Hotspots Analysis An Overarching Methodological Framework and Guidance for Product and Sector Level Application (2017),, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesBenveniste, G., Gazulla, C., Fullana, P., Celades, I., Ros, T., Zaera, V., Godes, B., Análisis de ciclo de vida y reglas de categoría de producto en la construcción. El caso de las baldosas cerámicas (2011) Inf. Constr., 63 (522), pp. 71-81
dc.relation.referencesBillong, N., Melo, U.C., Njopwouo, D., Louvet, F., Bonnet, J.P., Effect of mixture constituents on properties of slaked lime-metakaolin-sand mortars containing sodium hydroxide (2009) Cem. Concr. Compos., 31 (9), pp. 658-662
dc.relation.referencesCandil, N.A.N., Moreno, J.R., Castañeda, J.F.F., Villazón, R.A., Galvis, J.J.M., La Cadena del Carbón (2012)
dc.relation.referencesChomkhamsri, K., Wolf, M.-A., Pant, R., International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) handbook: review schemes for life cycle assessment (2011) Towards Life Cycle Sustainability Management, pp. 107-117. , Springer Netherlands Dordrecht
dc.relation.referencesCiesielczuk, J., Chapter 16 – coal mining and combustion in the coal waste dumps of Poland (2015) Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, pp. 463-473
dc.relation.referencesCivancik-Uslu, D., Ferrer, L., Puig, R., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Are functional fillers improving environmental behavior of plastics? A review on LCA studies (2018) Sci. Total Environ., 626, pp. 927-940
dc.relation.referencesColangelo, F., Petrillo, A., Cioffi, R., Borrelli, C., Forcina, A., Life cycle assessment of recycled concretes: a case study in southern Italy (2018) Sci. Total Environ., 615, pp. 1506-1517
dc.relation.referencesConesa Fdez.-Vitora, V., Guía metodológica para la evaluación del impacto ambiental (2010), 4th ed. (Madrid (Spain))
dc.relation.referencesDelgado-Aguilar, M., Tarrés, Q., Pèlach, M.À., Mutjé, P., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Are cellulose nanofibers a solution for a more circular economy of paper products? (2015) Environ. Sci. Technol., 49 (20), pp. 12206-12213
dc.relation.referencesDuxson, P., Fernández-Jiménez, A., Provis, J.L., Geopolymer technology: the current state of the art (2007) Mater. Sci., 42 (6), pp. 2917-2933
dc.relation.referencesEN 15804, Sustanibility of Construction Works – Environmental Product Declarations – Core Rules for the Product Category of Construction Products (2008)
dc.relation.referencesFan, G., Zhang, D., Wang, X., Reduction and utilization of coal mine waste rock in China: a case study in Tiefa coalfield (2014) Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 83, pp. 24-33
dc.relation.referencesFernández-Jiménez, A., Palomo, A., Characterisation of fly ashes. Potential reactivity as alkaline cements (2003) Fuel, 82 (18), pp. 2259-2265
dc.relation.referencesFullana i Palmer, P., Puig, R., Bala, A., Baquero, G., Riba, J., Raugei, M., From life cycle assessment to life cycle management (2011) J. Ind. Ecol., 15 (3), pp. 458-475
dc.relation.referencesGil, C., Plazas, R., Propuesta para la utilización de cenizas volantes como adición en la fabricación de cemento tipo I en la planta cementera de Holcim Colombia S.A (2007), Universidad de la Sabana
dc.relation.referencesGuinée, J.B., Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment : Operational Guide to the ISO Standards (2002), Kluwer Academic Publishers
dc.relation.referencesHarding, K.G., Dennis, J.S., von Blottnitz, H., Harrison, S.T.L., Environmental analysis of plastic production processes: comparing petroleum-based polypropylene and polyethylene with biologically-based poly-β-hydroxybutyric acid using life cycle analysis (2007) J. Biotechnol., 130 (1), pp. 57-66
dc.relation.referencesHasanbeigi, A., Price, L., Lin, E., Emerging energy-efficiency and CO 2 emission-reduction technologies for cement and concrete production: a technical review (2012) Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 16 (8), pp. 6220-6238
dc.relation.referencesHennequin, T., Sørup, H.J.D., Dong, Y., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., A framework for performing comparative LCA between repairing flooded houses and construction of dikes in non-stationary climate with changing risk of flooding (2018) Sci. Total Environ., 642, pp. 473-484
dc.relation.referencesINVIAS, Determinación en laboratorio del contenido de agua (humedad) del suelo, roca y mezclas de suelo - agregado. INVE 122-07 (NTC 1495) (2007), 8
dc.relation.referencesINVIAS, Relaciones de humedad - masa unitaria seca en los suelos. Ensayo modificado de compactación (I.N.V.E -142 - 07) (2007), pp. 1-12. , E-142-07.pdf, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesISO, ISO 14025 - Environmental Labels and Declarations – Type III Environmental Declarations – Principles and Procedures (2006)
dc.relation.referencesISO, ISO 14044:2006(E) - Environmental management — Life Cycle Assessment — Requirements and Guidelines (2006), (English)
dc.relation.referencesLarrea-Gallegos, G., Vázquez-Rowe, I., Gallice, G., Life cycle assessment of the construction of an unpaved road in an undisturbed tropical rainforest area in the vicinity of Manu National Park, Peru (2017) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 22 (7), pp. 1109-1124
dc.relation.referencesLasvaux, S., Gantner, J., Wittstock, B., Bazzana, M., Schiopu, N., Saunders, T., Chevalier, J., Achieving consistency in life cycle assessment practice within the European construction sector: the role of the EeBGuide InfoHub (2014) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 19 (11), pp. 1783-1793
dc.relation.referencesLopes, E., Dias, A., Arroja, L., Capela, I., Pereira, F., Application of life cycle assessment to the Portuguese pulp and paper industry (2003) J. Clean. Prod., 11 (1), pp. 51-59
dc.relation.referencesMijangos-Ricardez, O.F., López Luna, J., Metodologías para la identificación y valoración de impactos ambientales (2013) Temas de Ciencia y Tecnología, 17 (50), pp. 37-42. ,, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesMuñoz Cano, F.A., Arias Jaramillo, Y.P., H M, C.A., Evaluación del polvo de ladrillo como estabilizante de suelo perteneciente a vías terciarias (2014) Santa Marta: XX simposio Colombiano sobre ingeniería de pavimentos, pp. 1-10. , U. del Magdalena
dc.relation.referencesPuig, R., Kiliç, E., Navarro, A., Albertí, J., Chacón, L., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Inventory analysis and carbon footprint of coastland-hotel services: a Spanish case study (2017) Sci. Total Environ., 595, pp. 244-254
dc.relation.referencesRestianti, Y.Y., Gheewala, S.H., Life cycle assessment of gasoline in Indonesia (2012) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., 17 (4), pp. 402-408
dc.relation.referencesRos-Dosdá, T., Celades, I., Monfort, E., Fullana-i-Palmer, P., Environmental profile of Spanish porcelain stoneware tiles (2017) Int. J. Life Cycle Assess., pp. 1-19
dc.relation.referencesSerres, N., Braymand, S., Feugeas, F., Environmental evaluation of concrete made from recycled concrete aggregate implementing life cycle assessment (2016) J. Build. Eng., 5, pp. 24-33
dc.relation.referencesShen, L., Patel, M.K., Life cycle assessment of polysaccharide materials: a review (2008) J. Polym. Environ., 16 (2), pp. 154-167
dc.relation.referencesShen, L., Worrell, E., Patel, M.K., Environmental impact assessment of man-made cellulose fibres (2010) Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 55 (2), pp. 260-274
dc.relation.referencesSong, Y.-S., Cho, Y.-C., Kim, K.-S., Monitoring and Stability Analysis of a Coal Mine Waste Heap Slope in Korea (2015) Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2, pp. 217-220. , Springer International Publishing Cham
dc.relation.referencesTošić, N., Marinković, S., Dašić, T., Stanić, M., Multicriteria optimization of natural and recycled aggregate concrete for structural use (2015) J. Clean. Prod., 87, pp. 766-776
dc.relation.referencesUNEP, Handbook for the international treaties for the protection of the ozone layer (2003) The Vienna Convention, ,, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesWilliam, T., Whitman, R., (1997) Mecánica de suelos, , Limusa 2nd ed
dc.relation.referencesWu, D., Zhang, F., Lou, W., Li, D., Chen, J., Chemical characterization and toxicity assessment of fine particulate matters emitted from the combustion of petrol and diesel fuels (2017) Sci. Total Environ., 605-606, pp. 172-179
dc.relation.referencesXM, Generación del Sistema Interconectado Nacional (2015),ón-del-SIN.aspx, Retrieved August 23, 2018, from
dc.relation.referencesYang, Y., Life cycle freshwater ecotoxicity, human health cancer, and noncancer impacts of corn ethanol and gasoline in the U.S (2013) J. Clean. Prod., 53, pp. 149-157
dc.relation.referencesYe, W., Huang, J., Lin, J., Zhang, X., Shen, J., Luis, P., Bruggen, B.V.D., Environmental evaluation of bipolar membrane electrodialysis for NaOH production from wastewater: conditioning NaOH as a CO2 absorbent (2015) Sep. Purif. Technol., 144, pp. 206-214
dc.relation.referencesZelaya, J., Ochoa, J.C., Arias, Y.P., The use of Colombian palm oil fuel ash in alkali activated cement compressed stabilized earth blocks (2017) Sustain. Policy Pract., 13 (2)
dc.relation.referencesZuluaga, D.M., Arias Jaramillo, Y.P., Valoracion de las ceinas de carbón para la estabilización de suelos medinate activación alcalina y su uso en vías no pavimentadas (2015), Universidad de Medellín

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record