Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorLondoño Pineda A.A
dc.contributor.authorCano J.A.
dc.descriptionThis article aims to assess the air quality in the Aburrá Valley using a composite air quality index (CAQIAV). A multi-criteria methodology is used for the construction of the index, consisting of a framework for the selection, standardization, weighting, and aggregation of indicators. The proposed methodology generated three monthly and annual values of CAQIAV that differ based on the threshold used for data normalization: Unhealthy (level of alertness), Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups (level of prevention), and National Standard thresholds. The analysis of the PM10 subindex (AQIsubPM10) and PM2.5 subindex (AQIsubPM2.5) was similarly performed monthly and annually. The results show that AQIsubPM10 performs better than AQIsubPM2.5 in annual and monthly terms, indicating that the pollution in the Aburrá Valley is mainly anthropogenic. Nevertheless, in the most critical months (February and March), government policies should not focus solely on restricting the mobility of private vehicles, since this mobile source only contributes 2.7% of the PM2.5 particles in the Aburrá Valley. Moreover, in these months, several natural phenomena hinder the dispersion of air pollutants due to the morphological and climatic conditions of the valley. In conclusion, this study recommends the implementation of a CAQIAV based on the Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups threshold as it avoids putting the health of citizens at risk, especially for those belonging to sensitive groups. Likewise, several guidelines and solutions are proposed to configure a comprehensive sustainable development policy in the Aburrá Valley. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.eng
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.
dc.sourceUrban Climate
dc.titleAssessment of air quality in the Aburrá Valley (Colombia) using composite indices: Towards comprehensive sustainable development planning
dc.publisher.programAdministración de Empresas
dc.subject.keywordAburrá Valleyeng
dc.subject.keywordAir qualityeng
dc.subject.keywordComposite indiceseng
dc.subject.keywordPM10 and PM2.5eng
dc.subject.keywordSustainable developmenteng
dc.publisher.facultyFacultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas
dc.affiliationLondoño Pineda, A.A., University of Medellin, Colombia
dc.affiliationCano, J.A., University of Medellin, Colombia
dc.relation.referencesAgan, P.N., Impacts of anthropogenic factors on urban air quality in Lagos Metropolis (2019) J. Geograph. Geol., 11 (2), pp. 35-39
dc.relation.referencesAguiar, D., Calle, J.M., Hernández, D.F., González, J.L., Medellín y su calidad del aire (2017), Escuela Internacional de Desarrollo Sostenible Medellín
dc.relation.referencesAlam, M., Dupras, J., Messier, C., A framework towards a composite indicator for urban ecosystem services (2016) Ecol. Indic., 60, pp. 38-44
dc.relation.referencesAleksandropoulou, V., Lazaridis, M., Identification of the influence of african dust on PM10 concentrations at the Athens air quality monitoring network during the period 2001-2010 (2013) Aerosol Air Qual. Res., 13 (5), pp. 1492-1503
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, La contaminación atmosférica y sus efectos sobre la salud de los habitantes del Valle de Aburrá 2008-2015 (2018), AMVA Medellín (116p)
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, La contaminación atmosférica y sus efectos sobre la salud de los habitantes del Valle de Aburrá: 2008–2017 análisis de la exposición de corto y largo plazo (2019), AMVA Medellín (102p)
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, Pacto por el aire, octubre de 2007: Formaliza el compromiso de los actores para enfrentar el problema de contaminación atmosférica que enfrenta la región metropolitana (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, Condiciones especiales del Valle de Aburrá: Factores que incrementan la contaminación en el valle (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, Calidad del aire: Cuando inspiras respiras un mejor aire (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, Observatorio metropolitano de información: Espacio para la visualización y el seguimiento de los indicadores sobre los temas estratégicos del Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, Resúmenes de calidad del aire: Informes anuales sobre el estado de la Calidad del Aire en el Valle de Aburrá (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAMVA, ¿Qué es un episodio de contaminación atmosférica?: Episodios de contaminación (2020),,
dc.relation.referencesAngeon, V., Bates, S., Reviewing composite vulnerability and resilience indexes: a sustainable approach and application (2015) World Dev., 72, pp. 140-162
dc.relation.referencesAnikiev, V.V., Kolesov, G.M., Pavlov, A.A., Impact of anthropogenic and natural factors on the air quality above the northern Caspian Sea and the ecological risk level for the human population in the coastal zone (2011) Geochem. Int., 49 (2), pp. 154-169
dc.relation.referencesArya, S.P., Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion (1999), 310. , Oxford University Press New York
dc.relation.referencesBadach, J., Voordeckers, D., Nyka, L., Acker, M.V., A framework for air quality management zones - useful GIS-based tool for urban planning: case studies in Antwerp and Gdańsk (2020) Build. Environ., 174
dc.relation.referencesBanerjee, O., Cicowiez, M., Horridge, M., Vargas, R., Evaluating synergies and trade-offs in achieving the SDGs of zero hungerand clean water and sanitation: an application of the IEEM platform toGuatemala (2019) Ecol. Econ., 161, pp. 280-291
dc.relation.referencesBecker, R., Henderson, V., Effects of air quality regulations on polluting industries (2000) J. Polit. Econ., 108 (2), pp. 379-421
dc.relation.referencesBecker, W., Saisana, M., Paruolo, P., Vandecasteele, I., Weights and importance in composite indicators: closing the gap (2017) Ecol. Indic., 80 (2017), pp. 12-22
dc.relation.referencesBeig, G., Sahu, S., Singh, V., Suvarna, T., Sobhana, S., Gargeva, P., Murthy, B., Objective evaluation of stubble emission of North India and quantifying its impact on air quality of Delhi (2020) Sci. Total Environ., 709, p. 136126
dc.relation.referencesBoggia, A., Cortina, C., Measuring sustainable development using a multi-criteria model: a case study (2010) J. Environ. Manag., 91, pp. 2301-2306
dc.relation.referencesBojarczuk, A., Jelonkiewicz, Ł., Lenart-Boroń, A., The effect of anthropogenic and natural factors on the prevalence of physicochemical parameters of water and bacterial water quality indicators along the river Białka, southern Poland (2018) Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int., 25 (10), pp. 10102-10114
dc.relation.referencesCao, J., Wang, X., Zhong, X.H., Did driving restrictions improve air quality in Beijing? (2014) China Economic Quartely, 13 (3), pp. 1091-1126
dc.relation.referencesCiommi, M., Gigliarano, C., Emili, A., Taralli, S., Chelli, F., A new class of composite indicators for measuring well-being at the local level: an application to the equitable and sustainable well-being (BES) of the Italian provinces (2017) Ecol. Indic., 76, pp. 281-296
dc.relation.referencesDANE, Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2018 Colombia: ¿Cuántos somos? (2018),,
dc.relation.referencesDANE, Resultados Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2018 (2019),, DANE Bogotá Obtenido de
dc.relation.referencesDANE, Resultados Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda: Valle de Aburrá (2019),, DANE Bogotá Obtenido de
dc.relation.referencesDavis, L.W., The effect of driving restrictions on air quality in Mexico City (2008) J. Polit. Econ., 16 (101), pp. 38-81
dc.relation.referencesDe Longueville, F., Hountondji, Y.C., Henry, S., Ozer, P., What do we know about effects of desert dust on air quality and human health in West Africa compared to other regions? (2010) Sci. Total Environ., 409 (1), pp. 1-8
dc.relation.referencesDíaz-Balteiro, L., González-Pachón, J., Romero, C., Measuring systems sustainability with multi-criteria methods: a critical review (2017) Eur. J. Oper. Res., 2 (258), pp. 607-616
dc.relation.referencesDobbie, M., Dail, D., Robustness and sensitivity of weighting and aggregation in constructing composite indices (2013) Ecol. Indic., 29, pp. 270-277
dc.relation.referencesEAFIT, Análisis estadístico de las fracciones de material particulado y sus diferentes métodos de medición en el Valle de Aburrá (2018), Universidad Eafit Medellín, Colombia (24p)
dc.relation.referencesEcheverri, C.A., Maya, G.J., La relación entre las particulas finas(PM2.5) y respirable (PM10) en la ciudad de Medellín (2008) Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín, 7 (12), pp. 23-42
dc.relation.referencesEncarro, Encarro: Car Sharing en Medellín (2020),, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesEncicla, EnCicla: Sistema de Bicicletas Públicas del Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá (2020),, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesFisher, J., El Hombre y La Técnica: hacia una filosofia política de la ciencia (2010), UNAM, México México
dc.relation.referencesFranco, J.F., Gidhagen, L., Morales, R., Behrentz, E., Towards a better understanding of urban air quality management capabilities in Latin America (2019) Environ. Sci. Pol., 102, pp. 43-53
dc.relation.referencesFriedrich, M., Air pollution is greatest environmental threat to health (2018) JAMA, 319 (11), p. 1085
dc.relation.referencesGaines, S.E., The polluter-pays principle: from economic equity to environmental ethos (1991) Tex. Int'l LJ, 26, p. 463
dc.relation.referencesGan, X., Fernandez, I., Guo, J., Wilson, M., Zhao, Y., Zhou, B., Wu, J., When to use what: Methods for weighting and aggregating sustainability indicators (2017) Ecol. Indic., 81, pp. 491-502
dc.relation.referencesGarcía-Sanchez, I., Das Neves Almeida, T., De Barros Camarrá, R., A proposal for a composite index of environmental performance (CIEP) for countries (2015) Ecol. Indic., 48, pp. 171-188
dc.relation.referencesGil, C., Jiménez, J., ¿Qué son las PM2.5 y como afecta nuestra salud humana? (2008) Ecologistas en Acción, 58, pp. 32-37
dc.relation.referencesGlazyrina, I., Glazyrin, V., Vinnichenko, S., The polluter pays principle and potential conflicts in society (2006) Ecol. Econ., 59 (3), pp. 324-330
dc.relation.referencesGulia, S., Khanna, I., Shukla, K., Khare, M., Ambient air pollutant monitoring and analysis protocol for low and middle income countries: an element of comprehensive urban air quality management framework (2020) Atmos. Environ., 222, p. 117120
dc.relation.referencesHák, T., Janouˇsková, S., Moldan, B., Sustainable development goals: a need for relevant indicators (2016) Ecol. Indic., 60, pp. 565-573
dc.relation.referencesHassan, A., ELMokadem, A., Megahed, N., Abo Eleinen, O., Urban morphology as a passive strategy in promoting outdoor air quality (2020) J. Build. Eng., 29, p. 101204
dc.relation.referencesHezri, A., Dovers, S., Sustainability indicators, policy and governance: issues for ecological economics (2006) Ecol. Econ., 60 (1), pp. 86-99
dc.relation.referencesHolden, M., Public participation and local sustainability: questioning a common agenda in urban governance (2011) Int. J. Urban Reg. Res., 35 (2), pp. 312-329
dc.relation.referencesHou, P., Wu, S., Long-term changes in extreme air pollution meteorology and the implications for air quality (2016) Sci. Rep., 6 (1), pp. 1-9
dc.relation.referencesJain, D., Tiwari, G., Sustainable mobility indicators for Indian cities: selection methodology and application (2017) Ecol. Indic., 10 (79), pp. 310-322
dc.relation.referencesJaneiro, L., Patel, M., Choosing sustainable technologies. Implications of the underlying sustainability paradigm in the decision-making process (2015) J. Clean. Prod., 105, pp. 438-446
dc.relation.referencesJiamin, G., Zhao, M., Xue, P., Liang, X., Fan, G., Ding, B., Liu, J., New indicators for air quality and distribution characteristics of pollutants in China (2020) Build. Environ., 172, p. 106723
dc.relation.referencesKalia, P., Ansari, M.A., IOT based air quality and particulate matter concentration monitoring system (2020) Mat. Today: Proc., 32 (3), pp. 468-475
dc.relation.referencesKardos, M., The reflection of good governance in sustainable development strategies (2012) Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci., 58, pp. 1166-1173
dc.relation.referencesLee, H.H., Iraqui, O., Gu, Y., Yim, S.H.L., Chulakadabba, A., Tonks, A.Y.M., Wang, C., Impacts of air pollutants from fire and non-fire emissions on the regional air quality in Southeast Asia (2018) Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18 (9), pp. 6141-6156
dc.relation.referencesLi, F., Zhuo, T., Effects of urban form on air quality in China: an analysis based on the spatial autoregressive model (2019) Cities, 89, pp. 130-140
dc.relation.referencesLiang, L., Gong, P., Urban and air pollution: a multi-city study of long-term effects of urban landscape patterns on air quality trends (2020) Sci. Rep., 10, p. 18618
dc.relation.referencesLin, C., Cynthia, W., Zhang, W., Umanskaya, V., The effects of driving restrictions on air quality: São Paulo, Bogotá, Beijing, and Tianjin (2011) Environ. Econ. Poli., p. 13486
dc.relation.referencesLiu, H., Fang, C., Zhang, X., Wang, Z., Bao, C., Li, F., The effect of natural and anthropogenic factors on haze pollution in Chinese cities: a spatial econometrics approach (2017) J. Clean. Prod., 165, pp. 323-333
dc.relation.referencesLiu, S., Bai, M., Yao, M., Huang, K., Identifying the natural and anthropogenic factors influencing the spatial disparity of population hollowing in traditional villages within a prefecture-level city (2021) PLoS One, 16 (4)
dc.relation.referencesLola, Movilidad inteligente y divertida que se comunica con tu ciudad (2020),, Retrieved from
dc.relation.referencesLondoño, A., El enfoque de gobernanza en la evaluación del desarrollo sostenible a escala local (caso del departamento de Antioquia, Colombia) (2015) Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas, 12, pp. 257-263
dc.relation.referencesLondoño, A., Metodología y evaluación del desarrollo sostenible de las subregiones que integran el departamento de Antioquia (Colombia), bajo un enfoque sistémico inter-temático y multicriterio (2018), Universidad de Manuzales Manizales Obtenido de file:///C:/Users/alondono/Downloads/Abraham%20Allec%20Londo%C3%B1o%20Pineda_2018.pdf
dc.relation.referencesLondoño, A., Cruz, J.G., Evaluation of sustainable development in the sub-regions of Antioquia (Colombia) using multi-criteria composite indices: a tool for prioritizing public investment at the subnational level (2019) Environ. Dev., 32, pp. 1-22
dc.relation.referencesLyytimäki, J., Gudmundsson, H., Sørensen, C., Russian dolls and Chinese whispers: two perspectives on the unintended effects of sustainability indicator (2014) Sustain. Dev., 22, pp. 84-94
dc.relation.referencesMillock, K., Nauges, C., Sterner, T., Environmental taxes: a comparison of French and Swedish experience from taxes on industrial air pollution (2004) CESifo DICE Rep., 2 (1), pp. 30-34
dc.relation.referencesMineur, E., Toward Sustainable Development: Indicator as a Tool of Local Governance (2007), Print & Media, Umeå University Sweden
dc.relation.referencesMirabelli, M., Ebelt, S., Damon, S., Air quality index and air quality awareness among adults in the United States (2020) Environ. Res., 183, p. 109185
dc.relation.referencesMoreno, S., Fidélis, T., A proposal to explore the role of sustainability indicators in local governance contexts: the case of Palmela, Portugal (2012) Ecol. Indic., 23, pp. 608-615
dc.relation.referencesMoreno, S., Fidélis, T., Local sustainability indicators in Portugal: assessing implementation and use in governance contexts (2015) J. Clean. Prod., 86, pp. 289-300
dc.relation.referencesMou, Y., Song, Y., Xu, Q., He, Q., Hu, A., Influence of urban-growth pattern on air quality in China: a study of 338 cities (2018) Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 15 (9), p. 1805
dc.relation.referencesPearce, J.L., Beringer, J., Nicholls, N., Hyndman, R.J., Tapper, N.J., Quantifying the influence of local meteorology on air quality using generalized additive models (2011) Atmos. Environ., 45 (6), pp. 1328-1336
dc.relation.referencesPhairuang, W., Hata, M., Furuuchi, M., Influence of agricultural activities, forest fires and agro-industries on air quality in Thailand (2017) J. Environ. Sci., 52, pp. 85-97
dc.relation.referencesPower, A.L., Tennant, R.K., Jones, R.T., Tang, Y., Du, J., Worsley, A.T., Love, J., Monitoring impacts of urbanisation and industrialisation on air quality in the Anthropocene using urban pond sediments (2018) Front. Earth Sci., 6, p. 131
dc.relation.referencesRagothaman, A., Anderson, W.A., Air quality impacts of petroleum refining and petrochemical industries (2017) Environments, 4 (3), p. 66
dc.relation.referencesRomieu, I., Gouveia, N., Cifuentes, L.A., Junger, W., Vera, J., Strappa, V., Tzintzun-Cervantes, G., Multicity study of air pollution and mortality in Latin America (the ESCALA study) (2012) Res. Rep. Health Eff. Inst., 171, pp. 5-86
dc.relation.referencesRooney, B., Wang, Y., Jiang, J.H., Zhao, B., Zeng, Z.C., Seinfeld, J.H., Air quality impact of the northern California camp fire of November 2018 (2020) Atmos. Chem. Phys., 20 (23), pp. 14597-14616
dc.relation.referencesRovira, J., Domingo, J., Schuhmacher, M., Air quality, health impacts and burden of disease due to air pollution (PM10, PM2.5, NO2 and O3): application of AirQ+ model to the camp de Tarragona County (Catalonia, Spain) (2020) Sci. Total Environ., 703
dc.relation.referencesSaaty, T., How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process (1994) Interfaces, 6 (24), pp. 19-43
dc.relation.referencesSandberg, D.V., Wildland Fire in Ecosystems: Effects of Fire on Air (2003), US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station
dc.relation.referencesSerna, C., Czerny, M., Londoño, A., Rojas, O., Livelihood assessment in district 1 of Medellin– Colombia (2015) Misc. Geograph., 19 (4), pp. 9-20
dc.relation.referencesShaaban, M., Scheffran, J., Selection of sustainable development indicators for the assessment of electricity production in Egypt (2017) Sustain. Energy Technol. Assess., 22, pp. 65-73
dc.relation.referencesSingh, K., Murty, H., Gupta, S., Dikshit, A., An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies (2012) Ecol. Indic., 15, pp. 281-299
dc.relation.referencesSong, C., Fu, X., Research on different weight combination in air quality forecasting models (2020) J. Clean. Prod., 261, p. 121169
dc.relation.referencesSong, Y., Li, Z., Yang, T., Xia, T., Does the expansion of the joint prevention and control area improve the air quality?—evidence from China's Jing-Jin-Ji region and surrounding areas (2020) Sci. Total Environ., 706, p. 136034
dc.relation.referencesSoret, A., Guevara, M., Baldasano, J.M., The potential impacts of electric vehicles on air quality in the urban areas of Barcelona and Madrid (Spain) (2014) Atmos. Environ., 99, pp. 51-63
dc.relation.referencesTao, W., Liu, J., Ban-Weiss, G.A., Hauglustaine, D.A., Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Tao, S., Effects of urban land expansion on the regional meteorology and air quality of eastern China (2015) Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15 (15), pp. 8597-8614
dc.relation.referencesThuan-Quoc, T., Tsang, H., Cao, P., Lai-Ming, H., A novel method to construct an air quality index based on air pollution profiles (2018) Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health, 221 (1), pp. 17-26
dc.relation.referencesTroncoso, R., De Grande, L., Cifuentes, L., Effects of environmental alerts and pre-emergencies on pollutan concentrations in Santiago, Chile (2012) Atmos. Environ., 61, pp. 550-557
dc.relation.referencesVeloz, D., Gonzalez, M., Brown, P., Gharibid, H., Cisneros, R., Perceptions about air quality of individuals who work outdoors in the San Joaquin Valley, California (2020) Atmos. Poll. Res., 11, pp. 825-830
dc.relation.referencesVilla, T.F., Gonzalez, F., Miljievic, B., Ristovski, Z.D., Morawska, L., An overview of small unmanned aerial vehicles for air quality measurements: present applications and future prospectives (2016) Sensors, 16 (7), p. 1072
dc.relation.referencesVoulgarakis, A., Field, R.D., Fire influences on atmospheric composition, air quality and climate (2015) Curr. Pollution Rep., 1 (2), pp. 70-81
dc.relation.referencesWalker, G., Mitchell, G., FAIRBURN, J., SMITH, G., Environmental Quality & Social Deprivation Phase II: National Analysis of Flood Hazard, IPC Industries & Air Quality (2005)
dc.relation.referencesWang, Q., Urbanization and global health: the role of air pollution (2018) Iran. J. Public Health, 47 (11), pp. 1644-1652
dc.relation.referencesWang, Q., Gu, J., Wang, X., The impact of Sahara dust on air quality and public health in European countries (2020) Atmos. Environ., 241, p. 117771
dc.relation.referencesWHO, Ambient (outdoor) air pollution (2018),,
dc.relation.referencesYuan-Chien, L., Wan-Ju, C., Yong-Qing, L., The improvement of spatial-temporal resolution of PM2.5 estimation based on micro-air quality sensors by using data fusion technique (2020) Environ. Int., 134
dc.relation.referencesZhai, W., Cheng, C., A long short-term memory approach to predicting air quality based on social media data (2020) Atmos. Environ., p. 117411
dc.relation.referencesZhang, F., Shi, Y., Fang, D., Ma, G., Nie, C., Krafft, T., Wang, Y., Monitoring history and change trends of ambient air quality in China during the past four decades (2020) J. Environ. Manag., 260, p. 110031
dc.relation.referencesZhang, M., Shan, C., Wang, W., Pang, J., Guo, S., Do driving restrictions improve air quality: take Beijing-Tianjin for example? (2020) Sci. Total Environ., 712, p. 136408
dc.relation.referencesZhang, W., Lawell, C.Y.C.L., Umanskaya, V.I., The effects of license plate-based driving restrictions on air quality: theory and empirical evidence (2017) J. Environ. Econ. Manag., 82, pp. 181-220
dc.relation.referencesZhu, S., Sun, J., Liu, Y., Lu, M., Liu, X., The air quality index trend forecasting based on improved error correction model and data preprocessing for 17 port cities in China (2020) Chemosphere, 252, p. 126474
dc.identifier.reponamereponame:Repositorio Institucional Universidad de Medellín
dc.identifier.instnameinstname:Universidad de Medellín

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record